For those who have had an interest in bees, it can be overwhelming to try to get started in beekeeping. The process, which is actually called apiculture, is the managing of bee colonies with the intent of reaching certain goals.
Two of the main goals in apiculture are to cultivate large, healthy colonies of bees and provide them access to areas where there is a large flow of nectar and to help pollinate local food crops while maximizing the collection of nectar to generate large amounts of honey.
In order to be successful in these efforts, a lot of research must be completed. A thorough study of honeybee biology should be done. From that, a beekeeper will be able to comprehend the instincts of the honeybee, the various cycles that are important to their life, the bee hierarchy and also potential illnesses that can impact the colony. A new beekeeper should also study local crops and understand where the greatest nectar flow comes from so the bees will be able to access those crops at the right times.
Finally, a study of techniques to manipulate a colony must be done. This is necessary to be able to make sure the colony is strong and stays free of disease, as well as be able to handle the tasks the colony needs to complete.
Jumping into the beekeeping life is not advisable, since without the basis of the knowledge outlined above, a beekeeper has little chance of success. Finding a mentor in an experienced beekeeper is also a wise choice, but if that is not an option in your area, then research and extensive study is the best alternative. This should all be done before you have any bees to care for, so you can be sure they are kept healthy and strong thanks to your knowledge when you do start caring for them.